Bhangi Misl

A famous Misl, the Bhangi Misl is said to have at least 12 thousand horsemen from the start of the Misl.


They were the first to establish their own independent government in their territories and had control over Amritsar, Gujrat, Chiniot and part of Lahore.


Their founder, Sardar Chajja Singh, is said to have received Amrit by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Born in a village near Amritsar called Panjwar, Chajja Singh was a Jatt by caste.


The name of the Misl comes from the nickname that was given to Chajja Singh - an addict of Bhang (Cannabis drink).


It is said the successor of Chajja Singh was known for making Bhang all the time, and after Amrit the nickname stuck.


Either way, the name of the Misl derived from the Sardars fondness of Bhang.


Chajja Singh gave Pahul to Bhima Singh, Natha Singh, and Jagat Singh and then made them his companions. They, plus many others, would attack governmental officials.


Later more notable Singhs took Pahul by the hands of Chajja and formed a group of well-known rebels.


Soon Chajja Singh passed away.


Bhima Singh succeeded Chajja Singh and became the leader of the Misl.


After Nadir Shahs invasion in 1739 Bhima Singh made his jatha into a Misl, a powerful confederacy.


In 1749, it is said Bhima Singh attained Shaheedi in the chhota ghallughara.


Bhima Singh was titled bala-bash, which means high-headed, due to his arrogant nature. Bhima Singh did not like this and bala-bash was changed to Bhangi. - This account is popular (Lepel Griffin).


Bhima Singh had adopted Hari Singh, who succeeded Bhima Singh.


Hari Singh was 'daring' and under his guidance the Misl increased in number and became the wealthiest Misl. The Bhangi Misl had about 20,000 men positioned at various locations in the territory.


Hira Singh was keen on having the best horses and would heavily loot the enemies he'd attack, such as the attack on Khwaja Obaid. Hari Singh left with a large amount of arms.

Hari Singh died in battle in 1764.


Hari Singh had many minor Misls under him. He was a Sardar (head of many Misls) not a Misldar (head of a Misl irrespective of size).


The Misldars that united under Hari Singhs banner received their fair share of the loot.


The loot of the attack against Khwaja included a gun/tohp called tohp Bhangian (Bhangi Cannon).

Bhangi Misl invaded the Indus, as part of their expansion. Rawalpindi, Majha, Malwa and Jammu are few examples of where the Bhangi Misl had control in.


Hari Singh was the Sardar of the Bhangi Misl for 8 years, and had 2 wives.

He had two sons from the first wife - Jhanda Singh and Ganda Singh, and three from the second - Charhat Singh, Diwan Singh, and Desu Singh.



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